Aegna island

Enigmatic island

Randaster, foto: Tõnu Laasi
The only island of Tallinn (3km2) is the 17th largest island in Estonia in terms of area. Aegna Island is located 14 km from Tallinn, and it has been a landscape protection area since 1991 to preserve the nature and unique cultural heritage of the small island – the island is very popular among visitors.

Its natural values are old forests, diverse beaches, small bogs, and large boulders. About 350 vascular plants, over 100 mosses, and at least 150 lichen species have been found on the island. Estonia’s most biggest collection of boulders is also located on Aegna Island – on the Lemmiku cape, where the largest boulder of the island, Tulekivi (Fire Rock) is also situated (35 meters in diameter). The communities growing on Lemmiku cape are very sensitive.

Aegna is mostly covered in forests – all kinds of it. On sandy areas, there are pine groves and in the middle of the island, there are drained peatland forests, mesotrophic boreal forests, and heath forests. Additionally, the 10-kilometre coastline of Aegna has over ten different types of beaches: for example, different sandy, gravel/pebble, and moraine beaches. The stone maze in Eerikneeme, which was probably built in the 12th–15th century, is a magnificent sight.