Goat willow

Food for nearly 190 large butterfly and moth species

Goat willow © the City of Helsinki materialbank, Jan W. Ahlfors

The goat willow (Salix caprea) grows as a tree or a large shrub, favouring herb-rich and rich coniferous forests, the edges of trenches and shores. The goat willow is an important species in regard to natural biodiversity, as many rare species of insects, fungi and lichens depend on it for sustenance. In addition, nearly 190 of Finland’s large butterfly and moth species feed on goat willows. Goat willow leaves have traditionally been used to treat fevers and headaches.

Kuva Teemu Saloriutta.

Photo Teemu Saloriutta.